att_abstract={{The end to end system data performance over a 3G cellular network depends on many factors such as the number of users, interference, multipath propagation, radio resource management techniques as well as the interaction between these mechanisms and the transport protocol's flow and congestion mechanisms. Using controlled experiments in a public cell site, we investigate the interaction between TCP and the 3G UMTS/HSPA network's resource allocation, and its effect on fairness in the throughput achieved across multiple (up to 26) TCP flows in a loaded cell sector. Our field measurement results indicate that TCP fairness fluctuates significantly when the air interface (radio link) is the bottleneck. We also observe that TCP fairness is substantially better when the backhaul link (a fixed wired link) is the bottleneck, instead of the air interface. We speculate that the fairness of TCP flows is adversely impacted by the mismatch between the resource allocation mechanisms of TCP's flow and congestion control and that of the Radio Access Network (RAN).}},
	att_authors={va037f, rj2124, kr2812, jp935w, ns2438},
	att_categories={C_NSS.18, C_NSS.10, C_NSS.7},
	att_copyright_notice={{This version of the work is reprinted here with permission of IEEE for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in IEEE LANMAN 2011. {{, 2011-10-13}}
	att_tags={fairness,  3G,  RAN,  TCP},
	author={Vaneet Aggarwal and Rittwik Jana and Kadangode Ramakrishnan and Jeffrey Pang and N Shankaranarayanan},
	institution={{IEEE LANMAN 2011}},
	title={{Characterizing Fairness for 3G Wireless Networks}},